India is the oldest continuing civilization to undergo the journey of 5000 years. In between this journey, it has seen the birth of many beliefs, and witnessed an easy fusion of several customs and traditions, which reflect in India’s rich culture and heritage.
During ancient times, when many cultures dwelled as wandering nomads, India had Harappa, now known as Indus Valley Civilization. The world’s first planned city, Mohenjodaro in Harappa flourished during 2600 to 1900 BCE. Built with baked bricks, the city had two storey buildings, prized artifacts and statues depicting its intricate richness.
Indian civilization refined itself during the Vedic Age through evolution and growing use of Sanskrit. Rich epics like Vedas, Ramayana and Mahabharata were composed during 1500 to 500 BCE, laying the foundations of Hinduism. Buddha and Mahavira showed the path of Ahimsa - peace and non violence to the world.
The ruler of Maurya Dynasty, Chandragupta is considered the first unifier of India defeating foreign powers like Alexander the Great in 321 BC. His grandson Ashoka the Great too carried forward the legacy of keeping India under one rule. He propagated Buddhism through constructing Stupas, the Lion Capital of Asoka at Sarnath, which is now the national emblem of India.
Remarkable achievements in science, engineering, art, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy made the period under Gupta Empire as ‘The Golden Age of India. The decimal numeral system including Zero was invented during this period. Scholars like Kalidasa, Aryabhata, Vishnu Sharma, and Vatsyayana made great advancements in different fields. Along with this, Kohinoor, the largest 105 carat diamond of the world, was sourced and mined in India.
During the onset of medieval age, the Arab-Turkic invasion slowly gave rise to the Islamic Empire in India, most notably the Delhi Sultanate. Qutub Minar, the world's tallest brick minaret was built under its reign.
In 1526, Babur founded the Mughal Dynasty. Famous Mughal Kings were Akbar the Great and Shah Jahan. Akbar unified the country under one rule. His capital base was at Fatehpur Sikri. Shah Jahan built the renowned architectural marvel in Indian History “The Taj Mahal” as a memoir to his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
The Spice Route was also explored by Vasco Da Gama, a Portuguese explorer for trading in spices that were grown widely in India. This development made India step in to modern times - the age of Colonialism ushering the western domination in the East. The advent of Aurangzeb and downfall of Mughal Empire paved the way for Europeans to fulfill the dream of ruling over India. Following Portuguese in this conquest were the Dutch, British and French. But British only succeeded to have their claim over country as an imperial power.
In the modern India, certain leaders like Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel followed the path of non violence and paved the way to independent India free from British Raj on August 15, 1947 which is celebrated as Independence Day.
After Independence, India got its constitution under the chairmanship of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and presently it is the largest democratic country in the world. At present, India has emerged as a Power ready to tower over the world with its economic growth. India Journeys is an experience to explore India like never before. Because India is a journey, not a destination...